Friday, May 22, 2020

Analysis Of Avital Cohen And Tsal Essay - 1384 Words

The article by Avital-Cohen and Tsal (2016) discussed the flanker task experiment, which asserted that distractor interference happens unconsciously as a result of focused attention toward the target. The results from the original flanker task indicated that participants had slower responses for incongruent trials, since the distractors are inconsistent with the target and would require a different response (Avital-Cohen Tsal, 2016). However, Avital-Cohen and Tsal (2016) questioned the findings from the flanker task experiment. They decided to challenge the idea that only the target stimuli receives top-down processing, and not the distractors (Avital-Cohen Tsal, 2016). The first experiment aimed to test whether the distractor interference is purely bottom-up processing as claimed in the flanker task. The experiment manipulated participants’ expectations of the target using the context effect - a type of top-down processing - by changing the distractors to be either letters or digits (Psych 240 lecture, 9/21/16). Then, the researchers conducted a second experiment and eliminated the ambiguity of distractors. They wanted to test whether the result from experiment 1 was caused by an overall bias or the ambiguous distractors. In experiment 2, the researchers predicted that they would obtain similar results to the first experiment only if the results were due to an overall bias effect (Avital-Cohen Tsal, 2016). This study allows us to deepen our understanding of available

Friday, May 8, 2020

Think Of A Beautiful, Ten-Year-Old Girl Standing In The

Think of a beautiful, ten-year-old girl standing in the mirror, clutching her stomach and tears rolling down her cheeks because she is being teased for not being as skinny as the other girls in her class. She looks at the models on TV and envies their skinniness. She wants to look just like them. At ten years old, she starts running after dinner and not eating as much as she use to eat. That beautiful little girl is just like every woman all over the world; she is pressured to by the media to have a â€Å"perfect body.’ Women all over the world are coerced by society to change the way they look. These women are beautiful just the way God made them, but society is trying to destroy that by making teens and women alike think believe they have to†¦show more content†¦These women need to be told every single day that they are beautiful the way they are, and they should not change for anyone or anything. Society’s pressure on women not only creates eating disorders, but it also creates mental disorders. This pressure can cause women to develop anxiety, depression, problems in relationships, and substance abuse. New research suggests that ten million women in the UK are depressed because of the way they look(Sanghani). The media managers take size zero models and morph their bodies into unrealistic sizes. Women and teens look at these fake pictures of models and start thinking that that is what they are supposed to look like. They put themselves through diet and exercise to try to get to the â€Å"perfect body† standard. However, if they do not see results, they are disgusted with themselves which makes them think negatively of themselves all the time. Women often do not go shopping because of the size they are. They avoid two-piece swim suits and crop top shirts. Women should not idolize these fake models the way the media does. The media should not think as highly of t hese fake models in the way that they do. Along with mental disorders comes low self-esteem. Low self-esteem can happen in girls as young as first grade and women as old as 65. The media has influenced these women into thinking theirShow MoreRelatedThe Night - Original Writing Essay1076 Words   |  5 PagesEven after all those twenty years, he still thinks she was gorgeous. Yes, even twelve years ago when she was still maybe, ten? It is not totally her appearance. She looks like a little fairy from the story. She was active and she was beautiful. Her brown hair curls a little and always shines because their owner takes good care of them. Even when it was the middle of the night, Carl can still see her working on herself, from her hair to her toes, literally. Every little details are being consideredRead MoreVictoria s Secret s Ad The Perfect Body Essay1228 Words   |  5 PagesVictoria’s Secret’s ad The Perfect †Body† features ten young models each wearing a unique bra and panty set standing side by side. The target audience of the ad is Caucasian women ages 18 to 30 years old although the ad could be relevant to girls as young as 15 years old and as old as 40 years old. They are targeting them by featuring primarily young Caucasian women in their ad. While the ad appears to feature two non-Caucasian women, I believe this is a simple nod of inclusion as they are not representativeRead MoreIs Barbie Ever Be The Enemy?1255 Words   |  6 Pagesmay ask themselves, how can Barbie ever be the enemy. She is the top selling doll in the world, her franchise is worth over a billion dollars, and 99% of girls from the ages three to eleven has owned a Barbie doll according to (Barbie Media). Also, recent studies have shown that the average American girl between the ages of three to eleven owns ten Barbie dolls, according to â€Å"Barbie† by Sara Pendergast. So, what has led to so much controversy towards the beloved Barbie. Well, the major obsession regardingRead MoreMy Wedding On My Daughter1042 Words   |  5 Pagesout for you.† â€Å"Really,† I exclaim as I walk out the chapel doors, â€Å"What if I don’t like my husband?† â€Å"Darling, I’m sure you will love him. He is a very kind boy and he is just two years older than you.† He says while helping me into our carriage. That was when I was six years old. I’m now seventeen and five months old. I have never met my betrothed, though we are to be married on my eighteenth birthday. At the moment, I’m listening to my governess drone on about how to be a perfect wife, childbirthRead MoreA Surreal Moment Of My Surprise1186 Words   |  5 PagesA Surreal Moment My heart was pounding, the ballroom was silent and there I was standing in the top two on the Miss Teen USA stage. All of my hard work and dedication had paid off in that moment. As I was standing there hand in hand with Miss California Teen, I felt like I had been there before. I had dreamed about this moment but never expected it to really happen. Strangely, I had a sense of peace – I knew something big was about to happen, and that my life was about to change. TheRead MoreAn Essay On Eating Disorder And The Store s Front Windows Are Slender, Tall, And Muscular Mannequins Essay1653 Words   |  7 PagesNovember 9, 2016 Four out of every ten people in the United States have personally experienced an eating disorder or have known someone who has (StatisticsResearch). Society tells adolescent girls and women that they have to have the â€Å"perfect† body type to be loved. Girls and women are told that they must be skinny, have a flat stomach, a thigh gap, long hair, perfect skin, long eyelashes, perfect eyebrows, and be a certain height to be considered beautiful. Society wants females to look like barbieRead MoreWomen s Makeup And Cosmetic Products1748 Words   |  7 Pagesstudy in the newsletter, Marketing to Women: Addressing Women and Women s Sensibilities found that â€Å"seven in ten women wear makeup in America† (6). It is common for women to wear makeup every day, even if it is just a stroke of eyeliner or a splash of eye shadow. American society stresses the idea that makeup makes a woman more beautiful, and a woman who does not wear it is not beautiful. This idea is inst illed at a young age and continues throughout a woman’s life. Cosmetics and beauty productsRead MoreWhat Do You Do? Plato s Advice1525 Words   |  7 Pagesgrandmother, Elizabeth Cecelia Hughley came to America as an infant traveling with her siblings and parents. Elizabeth’s father was named Hugh Hughley and lived in Count Tyrone Ireland, and her mother named Maria McGuiness married Hugh and had six beautiful children. The family took a leap of faith and came to America. The clan settled in Willington Delaware, and Elizabeth was baptized on August 20, 1876 in St. Peter’s church. The Hughley’s were always very religious and firmly believed in traditionRead MoreAnorexia Nervosa And Binge Eating Disorder1626 Words   |  7 PagesDid you know that four in ten girls aged 14 and 15 skip breakfast daily? Teenagers and even adults all over the world are suffering with various eating disorders very commonly due to the thin models they see on billboards, magazin e covers, social media, and everywhere else they go. The common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder the earliest case of an eating disorder can be traced to prehistoric times, and these disorders can have extremely negativeRead MoreCaroline Tarbell Age 18, Raised, New Hampshire Essay1387 Words   |  6 PagesCaroline Tarbell age 18, raised in New Castle, New Hampshire. She is a sweet girl with a loving heart, despite her being from the northeast she has a southern flair about her. So who is Caroline? Well, she is a student at the phenomenal University of Alabama with a beautiful personality that lights up the room when she walks in. With a personality like hers so sweet, delicate, and loving; it almost like explaining a pie made by grandma on a special holiday. Maybe we shared a connection of food made

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Want Answer of These Question Free Essays

BECE 002 Bachelor’s Degree Programme (BDP) ASSIGNMENT For July 2012 and January 2013 Students Course Code: BECE 002 Title of Course: Indian Economic Development: Issues and Perspectives School of Social Sciences Indira Gandhi National Open University Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-110068 BECE-002 INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES 2012-13 Dear Student, As per the present pattern of assignments, you will have to do one assignment for this elective course BECE-002. The assignment is of 100 marks which contains 3 sections. Section I contains two questions of 20 marks each; Section II contains four questions of 12 marks each; and Section III contains two questions of 6 marks each. We will write a custom essay sample on Want Answer of These Question or any similar topic only for you Order Now Submission Completed assignments should be submitted to the coordinator of your study center by March 31, 2013 for students admitted in July 2012 cycle and by September 30, 2013 for students admitted in January 2013 cycle. 2 BECE-002 INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES Programme Code: BDP Course Code: BECE-002 Assignment Code: BECE-002/AST/TMA/2012-13 Maximum Marks: 100 Answer all the questions A. Long Answer Questions (word limit-500 words) 2Ãâ€"20=40 marks 1) Discuss the rationale behind the ‘capabilities and human development’ theory propounded by A. K. Sen. 2) Analyse the growth profile of India’s industrial production by ‘use based classification’ over the period 1960-2007. B. Medium Answer Questions (word limit-250 words) 4 x 12=48 marks 1) Discuss the concept of ‘population ageing’. 2) Explain briefly the risks of high fiscal deficit. 3) What are the causes of low productivity in Indian agriculture? 4) Discuss the features of Regional Trading Arrangements (RTAs). C. Short Answer Questions (word limit 100 words) 2Ãâ€"6=12 marks 1) What is meant by ‘work force participation rate’? 2) Write a note on the ‘prevention and protection’ aspect of flood management. 3 How to cite Want Answer of These Question, Essay examples

Want Answer of These Question Free Essays

BECE 002 Bachelor’s Degree Programme (BDP) ASSIGNMENT For July 2012 and January 2013 Students Course Code: BECE 002 Title of Course: Indian Economic Development: Issues and Perspectives School of Social Sciences Indira Gandhi National Open University Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-110068 BECE-002 INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES 2012-13 Dear Student, As per the present pattern of assignments, you will have to do one assignment for this elective course BECE-002. The assignment is of 100 marks which contains 3 sections. Section I contains two questions of 20 marks each; Section II contains four questions of 12 marks each; and Section III contains two questions of 6 marks each. We will write a custom essay sample on Want Answer of These Question or any similar topic only for you Order Now Submission Completed assignments should be submitted to the coordinator of your study center by March 31, 2013 for students admitted in July 2012 cycle and by September 30, 2013 for students admitted in January 2013 cycle. 2 BECE-002 INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES Programme Code: BDP Course Code: BECE-002 Assignment Code: BECE-002/AST/TMA/2012-13 Maximum Marks: 100 Answer all the questions A. Long Answer Questions (word limit-500 words) 2Ãâ€"20=40 marks 1) Discuss the rationale behind the ‘capabilities and human development’ theory propounded by A. K. Sen. 2) Analyse the growth profile of India’s industrial production by ‘use based classification’ over the period 1960-2007. B. Medium Answer Questions (word limit-250 words) 4 x 12=48 marks 1) Discuss the concept of ‘population ageing’. 2) Explain briefly the risks of high fiscal deficit. 3) What are the causes of low productivity in Indian agriculture? 4) Discuss the features of Regional Trading Arrangements (RTAs). C. Short Answer Questions (word limit 100 words) 2Ãâ€"6=12 marks 1) What is meant by ‘work force participation rate’? 2) Write a note on the ‘prevention and protection’ aspect of flood management. 3 How to cite Want Answer of These Question, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Psychology Articles Summaries

The major objective of this study was to evaluate sleep patterns of 400 Iranian men and women, aged 60 years or older, with a view to establish a relationship between their sleep quality and health status (Malakouti 1201). Previous studies had shown that sleep disturbances not only increase with age, but also elevate the use of health services and enhances physical and mental morbidity, functional dysfunction, and all causes of mortality.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Psychology Articles Summaries specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To collect the needed primary data, three sets of questionnaires, namely the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and a General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), were administered to the participants sampled using a rigorous scientific procedure that made use of the National Organization for Retired Persons in Tehran to recruit the elderly participants ( Malakouti 1202-1203). The results reinforced the findings of other previous studies that many elderly people indeed suffer from poor sleep quality, consequently exposing them to a multiplicity of health-related risks and even illnesses. One in every ten participants reported experiencing sleepiness during the daytime due to poor sleep at night, while a sizeable number of participants reported experiencing difficulties falling asleep and maintaining sleep throughout the night. More women reported difficulties falling asleep due to being too hot at night, while more men suffered from leg twitching at night, considerably lowering the quality of sleep (Malakouti 1203-1206). These findings have important ramifications for the elderly as the quality of their sleep is positively correlated with quality of life and health outcomes (Malakouti 1206). Consequently, the authors suggest that promoting sleep hygiene education for the elderly should be recommended to enhance their quality of life and promote their health and wellbeing. Tani, Franca, Alice Bonechi, Carole Peterson Andrea Smorti. â€Å"Parental Influences on Memories of Parents and Friends.† The Journal of Genetic Psychology 171.4 (2010): 300-329. This particular study purposed to explore the premise that parents have an increasingly significant influence not only on their children’s memories of them as significant others but also on their children’s memories of the parents’ close friends.Advertising Looking for report on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Specifically, the researchers enrolled a sample of 198 Italian university students to critically â€Å"†¦evaluate the role that the quality of parent-child relationships has on two different types of memories, those of parents and those of friends (Tani et al. 301). In addition, the researchers purposed to evaluate the role of gender in moderating these relat ionships (Tani et al. 318). Three data collection instruments, namely the Network of Relationships Inventory (NRI), questionnaire on parent and friend memories, and Adolescents Report of Parental Monitoring (ARPM), were used to evaluate the depth of the parent-child relationships (Tani et al. 307-309). The results demonstrated that parent-friend memories, as reported by participants increased in both genders with age, and were predominantly frequent during adolescence. When the affective tone of the memories was evaluated, it was revealed that in both male and female participants, the percentage of negative memories increased from childhood to adolescence, while the proportion of positive memories lessened. Using the same trajectory, the percentage of positive friends’ memories was found to increase while those of negative memories decreased (Tani et al. 318). This study was, therefore instrumental in underlying the importance of encouraging children to socialize more with th eir friends for purposes of identity development and for the provision of other supportive functions that are automatically transferred from parents to friends as individuals grow from childhood into adulthood (Tani et al., 324-327). Garcia-Banda, Gloria, Mateu Servera, Karin Challew, Victoria Meisel, Juana Fornes, Esther Cardo†¦ Ronald M. Doctor. â€Å"Prosocial Personality Traits and Adaptation to Stress.† Social Behavior and Personality 39.10 (2011): 1337-1348. In this study, the authors attempted to examine cortisol responses to public speaking with a view to test the â€Å"†¦hypothesis that reactivity would be positively related to openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and negatively to extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism, respectively† (Garcia-Banda et al. 1338).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Psychology Articles Summaries specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In part icular, the researchers were interested in comparing salivary cortisol secreted by a sample of participants during a stressful scenario (public speaking) to cortisol secreted by the same sample of participants in a non-stressful scenario to investigate its relationship to the variables mentioned above (Garcia-Banda et al. 1340). Towards the realization of this aim, a sample of 75 participants were recruited into the study and two data-gathering instruments – the NEO Five-Factor Inventory and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised – administered on them (Garcia-Banda et al. 1340-1341). The results reinforced findings of other previous studies that public speaking is associated with enhanced cortisol levels (Garcia-Banda et al. 1341). Perhaps the most important finding of this study is that conscientiousness as one of prosocial personality dimensions was linked to elevated cortisol in the stressed scenario, whereas smaller portions of cortisol responses were found in participants with psychoticism – a personality facet that correlates highly with psychopathy and impairment in stress reactivity (Garcia-Banda et al. 1345). These findings are not only instrumental in assisting us to understand why people with elevated cortisol levels cope better in stressful situations than people with normal or even blunted cortisol secretion, but also in understanding why people demonstrating conscientiousness always have a good self-control disposition and an affective prosocial attitude towards others. Consequently, the study assists us to understand why conscientious individuals enjoy life. Mu, Shou-Kuan. â€Å"The Relationship between Virtues and Personality Traits of Chinese College Students.† Social Behavior and Personality 39.10 (2011): 1379-1386. This particular study purposed â€Å"†¦to investigate the relationship between virtues and the personality traits of college students in mainland China† (Mu 1379). The concept of vir tue is important in contemporary personality theory since it represents the quality of character through which people consistently identify with and do the right thing. A sample of 426 students from two universities located in Eastern China was identified, and two data collection tools, namely the Chinese Virtue Adjectives Rating Scale (CVARS) and The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (Chinese 16PF), administered for purposes of collecting data (Mu 1381). The hypothesis was that personal virtues will be positively correlated with personality characteristics.Advertising Looking for report on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In detailing the results, the investigator â€Å"†¦found that all factors of the CVARS correlated positively with emotional stability, dominance, liveliness, rule-consciousness, social boldness, abstractedness, and perfectionism of the 16PF, and correlated negatively with sensitivity, vigilance, apprehension, self-reliance, and tension† (Mu 1383). Other second-order factors of the 16PF needed for individuals to develop strong personality traits, such as extraversion, tough-mindedness, and autonomy, also correlated positively with all factors of the CVARS. The results have important ramifications for psychological thought, particularly in the broad area of personality development, as they support the view that the concept of virtue is closely related to personality and, consequently, it can be of great importance to behaviorists in character development (Mu 1384). The study brings us closer to the conclusion made previously by scholars of personality psychology that altho ugh personality and virtue are viewed as separate entities, they are indeed related conceptions. This view is slowly being entrenched in positive psychology. Torgersen, Svenn. â€Å"The Nature (and Nurture) of Personality Disorders.† Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 50.6 (2009): 624-632. Torgersen used a meta-analytic review of published articles to evaluate whether personality disorders are caused by genetic predispositions or environmental factors. The author’s analysis begins by reviewing a number of recently published studies, which suggests that individuals exhibiting personality problems also usually exhibit a life trend of personality challenges that are usually above the average in any given population (Torgersen 626). The author argues that familial transmission of personality disorders is more or less only genetic, stressing that â€Å"†¦the development of antisocial personality disorders is influenced by genes, the heritability being around 0.40, wit h no effect of shared family environment† (Torgersen 627). When it comes to environmental influence, the author observes that while it is indeed true that individuals exhibiting particular personality disorders report various environmental stimuli, such as cold and distant parents, neglect, environmental instability, no parental caring and little control, research is yet to provide conclusive findings on whether these environmental agents are the causes or the consequences of the perceived personality disorders (Torgersen 628). The author argues that if parents mistreat their children and, as a direct consequence, the children develop personality/behavioral problems, it does not essentially imply that the mistreatment is the root cause of the problems. On the contrary, â€Å"†¦the parents themselves [may] have some personality disorder traits, partly due to genes. These genetically influenced traits correlate with poor parenting, explaining the genetic influence on paren ting. The children inherit the genes and subsequently develop personality disorders† (Torgersen 628). To distinguish between genetic and environmental variables to personality problems, therefore, the author suggests that subsequent studies should assume a genetically informed longitudinal approach. Dwairy, Marwan. â€Å"Parental Inconsistency: A Third Cross-Cultural Research on Parenting and Psychological Adjustment of Children.† Journal of Child Family Studies 19.1 (2010): 23-29. Dwairy used a sample of 2,884 participants, comprising of Arab, Indian, French, Polish, and Argentinean adolescents, to evaluate if parental inconsistencies (temporal, situational, and father-mother inconsistency) could indeed influence the adolescents psychological disorders. Temporal inconsistency was described as â€Å"†¦the inconsistency in the parent’s reaction time to the same situation from time to time, situational inconsistency [as] the inconsistency in the parental rea ction from one situation to another, and father-mother inconsistency [as] the inconsistency between the two parents in their reaction to the same situation† (Dwairy 24). Consequently, the author â€Å"†¦hypothesized that parental inconsistencies are dependent on culture, the parents’ gender, and the adolescents’ gender, and are associated with psychological maladjustment of adolescents† (Dwairy 24). Further, it was hypothesized that the stated associations vary across cultures. The results revealed that while parental inconsistency is culturally dependent, it does not seem to be influenced by the adolescent’s gender. The most important finding of the study, however, was that parental inconsistency is evidently correlated to adolescents’ mental health and led to: ambivalent feelings (e.g., adolescents developing negative feelings when parents are controlling and criticize); unpredictable behavior, which not only hurt’s the childâ⠂¬â„¢s feelings but disturbs the child-parent relationship, and; feelings of injustice (Dwairy 24-27). The study also demonstrated that the parents’ temporal inconsistencies and father-mother discrepancy were closely associated with psychopathy across cultures, while father-mother situational discrepancies were not in any way associated with psychopathy (Dwairy 27). Works Cited Dwairy, Marwan. â€Å"Parental Inconsistency: A Third Cross-Cultural Research on Parenting and Psychological Adjustment of Children.† Journal of Child Family Studies 19.1 (2010): 23-29. Garcia-Banda, Gloria, Mateu Servera, Karin Challew, Victoria Meisel, Juana Fornes, Esther Cardo†¦Ronald M. Doctor. â€Å"Prosocial Personality Traits and Adaptation to Stress.† Social Behavior and Personality 39.10 (2011): 1337-1348. Malakouti, Seyed Kazem, Mahshid Foroughan, Marzieh Nojomi, Mir Farhad Ghalabandi Tahar Zandi. â€Å"Sleep Patterns, Sleep Disturbances and Sleepiness in Retired Irania n Elders.† International Journal of Geriatric Psychology 24.2 (2009): 1201-1208. Mu, Shou-Kuan. â€Å"The Relationship between Virtues and Personality Traits of Chinese College Students.† Social Behavior and Personality 39.10 (2011): 1379-1386. Tani, Franca, Alice Bonechi, Carole Peterson Andrea Smorti. â€Å"Parental Influences on Memories of Parents and Friends.† The Journal of Genetic Psychology 171.4 (2010): 300-329. Torgersen, Svenn. â€Å"The Nature (and Nurture) of Personality Disorders.† Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 50.6 (2009): 624-632. This report on Psychology Articles Summaries was written and submitted by user Margaret Lyons to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Check out the best college essay writing services reviews

Check out the best college essay writing services reviews College is that place you yearn for and cant wait to enroll. You have been having countless nights just wondering how your college life will be like. But as college enrollment nears, fear begins to crop inside you. But fortunately, you are successful and you begin your college life. The subjects are so many and you have to attend all lessons. To top up, there are extra curricular activities that are compulsory. You have not completed your three essay writing assignments and the due date is next week. Just where do you begin from? The best idea you can think of is seeking help from the best college essay writing service. You being to search blindly for the best services and to your surprise they are a lot. Do you go with all of them or the first that appears on the list? All these options are not good. The easiest places to look for are college essay review services. This is a page that contains several essay writing website reviews. Here is why reviews will prove to be more helpful when choosing a service to get best college essays. Essay writing service reviews are not biased The essay writing service reviews website provides all the necessary information to customers. Since its main purpose is to ensure students make the right decisions, it offers nothing but truthful information. All reviews are based on thorough evaluation and examination process on respective essay writing sites. Some of the things reviews address include the quality, the services offered delivery time and customer support. The reviews of specific websites also contain ratings as given by customers and their reliability. Essay writing reviews help customers identify good writers Essay services reviews talk about the specific writers. One can clearly tell that a service has good writers from its ratings from customers. When looking for the best college essays, one can easily click on the site and take a look at papers written by particular writers. You will therefore make your choice depending on the kind of writers and the top college essays written in their name. Essay writing reviews help during price determination Almost all essay writing service prices are similar. A review website analyzes each and every service price table and identifies which is the most affordable. You do not need to spend millions to get a good piece. From the reviews, you can choose the high rated service in pricing then settle for it. Here, you will not have to worry about the quality as the ratings are clearly seen. Are you looking for the best college essay ever? Simply go through the reviews and select the top 10 college essays. Look at the style and language used during writing and confirm if you will be using the service. Do not be surprised if your paper falls into the category of the best college essay ever written. Check out writing services that we have chosen for you! Use our reviews!

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

How to Find Enumeration District Maps

How to Find Enumeration District Maps An enumeration district (ED) is a geographic area assigned to an individual census taker, or enumerator, usually representing a specific portion of a city or county. The coverage area of a single enumeration district, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, is the area for which an enumerator could complete a count of the population within the allotted time for that particular census year. The size of an ED can range from a single city block (occasionally even a portion of a block if it is located within a large city packed with high-rise apartment buildings) to an entire county in sparsely populated rural areas. Each enumeration district designated for a particular census was assigned a number. For more recently released censuses, such as 1930 and 1940, each county within a state was assigned a number and then a smaller ED area within the county was assigned a second number, with the two numbers joined with a hyphen. In 1940, John Robert Marsh and his wife, Margaret Mitchell, famous author of Gone With the Wind, were living in a condo at 1 South Prado (1268 Piedmont Ave) in Atlanta, Georgia. Their 1940 Enumeration District (ED) is 160–196, with 160 representing the City of Atlanta, and 196 designating the individual ED within the city designated by the cross streets of S. Prado and Piedmont Ave. What Is an Enumerator? An enumerator, commonly called a census taker, is an individual temporarily employed by the U.S. Census Bureau to collect census information by going house to house in their assigned enumeration district. Enumerators are paid for their work and provided with detailed instructions on how and when to gather the information about each individual living within their assigned enumeration district(s) for a particular census. For the 1940 Census enumeration, each enumerator had either 2 weeks or 30 days to obtain information from each individual within their enumeration district. Using Enumeration Districts for Genealogy Now that US census records are indexed and available online, Enumeration Districts arent as important to genealogists as they once were. They can still be helpful, however, in certain situations. When you cant locate an individual in the index, then browse page-by-page through the records of the ED where you expect your relatives to be living. Enumeration District maps are also helpful for determining the order that an enumerator may have worked his way through his particular district, helping you to visualize the neighborhood and identify neighbors. How to Locate an Enumeration District To identify an individuals enumeration district, we need to know where they were living at the time the census was taken, including the state, city and street name. The street number is also very helpful in larger cities. With this information, the following tools can help to locate the Enumeration District for each census: Stephen P. Morse’s One-Step Tools website includes ED Finder tools for the 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 U.S. federal censuses.Morse’s One-Step site also offers an ED conversion tool for converting between 1920 and 1930, and 1930 and 1940 Censuses.The National Archives has online ED maps and geographic descriptions for the 1940 census. Descriptions of Census Enumeration Districts 1830–1890 and 1910–1950 can be found on the 156 rolls of NARA microfilm publication T1224. Enumeration District maps for 1900–1940 are available on the 73 rolls of NARA microfilm publication A3378. The Family History Library also has Enumeration District maps and descriptions on FHL microfilm.